Rising environmental temperature is detrimental for human well-being is established. In the U.S., rise in temperatures by 2 degrees could account for 2100 additional deaths related to injuries, according to findings of a research.
The Environment Protection Agency and Wellcome Trust funded the research. This involved calculation of additional fatal injuries in the event of rise of temperature in the U.S. by 1.5 and 2 degree Celsius. This rise in temperature would result in additional 16, 00 and 21, 00 fatal injuries each year in with such rise in temperature.
In the country, California, Texas, and Florida potentially carry the highest risk of deaths. Such deaths are mostly among individuals in the age group 15-34 years. Meanwhile, for the research part, researchers analyzed number of deaths related to injuries in each and every county. Recorded data between 1980 and 2017 used for the study. Furthermore, the injuries classified as unintentional included those from falls, drowning, and transport; and the ones classified as intentional included assault and suicide.
Historic Data of Unusual Temperature Rise used for Death Estimations
Thereafter, the team tracked unusual temperature change for each and every month in every county for the 38-year period. Following, the team estimated the number of deaths related to injuries in the country. This involved comparison of unusual temperatures with injury records.
Most deaths due to unusual temperature rise were among men related to transport accidents, drowning, suicides, and violence, explains a senior author of the study. Such predictions suggest more deaths such as drowning, transport accidents, and violence related to temperature rise. The threat needs to be responded with better preparedness with respect to emergency services, health warnings, and social support.
Data from National Center for Health Statistics used to calculate the number of deaths related to injuries between 1980 and 2017. This amounted to deaths of 4.1 million men and boys and 1.8 million women and girls.