Pneumoperitoneum is referred as abnormal gas within the peritoneal cavity. Peritoneum is a complex, large serous membrane which forms closed sac in abdominal cavity. The pneumoperitoneum is often an indication of illness. It is necessary to be diagnosed correctly because errors in diagnosis can lead to various pseudopneumoperitoneum. Perforated abdominal viscus is the most common cause of pneumoperitoneum. The causes of pneumoperitoneum differ from children to adults. The common cause of pneumoperitoneum in adults are peptic ulcer disease, ischemic bowel, bowel obstruction, malignancy, necrotizing enterocolitis, inflammatory bowel disease (e.g. megacolon), appendicitis, diverticulitis, peritoneal dialysis, mechanical perforation such as colonoscopy, trauma, iatrogenic, etc. In females, it is also caused by vaginal aspiration, insufflation, douching, sudden squatting, postpartum exercises, and etc. The causes of pneumoperitoneum in children are perforation and iatrogenic effect. Perforated hollow viscus includes the most common cause i.e., necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), and others such as Hirschsprung disease, peptic ulcer disease, intestinal atresia or web, meconium ileus in cystic fibrosis, etc. The iatrogenic effect consists of rectal thermometer, enema, post intubation or mechanical ventilation.
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The common symptoms of pneumoperitoneum are abdominal pain, vomiting, constipation, fever, hypotension, tachypnea, and diarrhea. Different signs of pneumoperitoneum are cupola/saddlebag/mustache sign, lucent liver sign, football sign, Silver's sign/falciform ligament sign, inverted V sign, telltale triangle sign, urachus sign, Rigler's sign, and others. Pneumoperitoneum is usually detected by radiography. An erect chest X-ray and supine abdominal X-ray are used to detect pneumoperitoneum. The erect chest X-ray is the most sensitive plain radiograph for pneumoperitoneum detection and there are several signs that may be used for detecting free gas in abdominal X-ray.
The pneumoperitoneum market has been divided based on detection type, end-user, and region. In terms of detection type, the market has been segmented into erect chest X-ray (plain radiograph) and supine abdominal X-ray (abdominal radiograph). The erect chest x-ray is the most sensitive X-ray for detection of free intraperitoneal gas. The signs of gas such as subdiaphragmatic free gas, and cupola sign can be detected with this method. Abdominal X-ray (radiograph) can detect various pneumoperitoneum signs. Bowel related signs (Rigler's sign, telltale triangle sign) where the air outlining on both sides of bowel wall, peritoneal ligament related signs (football sign, urachus sign, and others), and right upper quadrant signs (Morison's pouch sign, lucent liver sign, etc.) can be detected through abdominal X-ray (radiograph). Usage of specific detection techniques is likely to boost the growth the market in the near future. Rising gastric and abdominal diseases are also driving the global market.
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Based on end-user, the pneumoperitoneum market has been segmented into hospitals, ambulatory surgical centers, diagnostic centers, and others. Hospitals hold the major share of the pneumoperitoneum market, because of rising incidence of abdominal problems such as inflammatory bowel disease (e.g. megacolon), and mechanical perforation such as colonoscopy, trauma, and iatrogenic effect. Preference for diagnostic centers for radiography imaging is also expected to increase in the near future.
In terms of region, the global pneumoperitoneum market has been segmented into North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, and Rest of the world. North America accounted for the largest share of the pneumoperitoneum market due to high health care awareness, prevalence of abdominal disorders, and technological advancements in the region. Europe held the second largest share attributed to increasing geriatric population. However, countries in Asia are expected to be the fastest growing markets due to growing awareness, gradual adoption of improved technologies, emerging health care infrastructure, increased purchasing power of hospitals, and rising population.
Key players in the pneumoperitoneum market are Fujifilm Holdings Corporation, GE Healthcare, Hologic, Inc., and Philips Healthcare, among others. Regional players are also contributing significantly to the growth of the pneumoperitoneum market. The report offers a comprehensive evaluation of the market. It does so via in-depth qualitative insights, historical data, and verifiable projections about market size. The projections featured in the report have been derived using proven research methodologies and assumptions. By doing so, the research report serves as a repository of analysis and information for every facet of the market, including but not limited to: Regional markets, technology, types, and applications. The study is a source of reliable data on: Market segments and sub-segments Market trends and dynamics Supply and demand Market size Current trends/opportunities/challenges Competitive landscape Technological breakthroughs Value chain and stakeholder analysis The regional analysis covers: North America (U.S. and Canada) Latin America (Mexico, Brazil, Peru, Chile, and others) Western Europe (Germany, U.K., France, Spain, Italy, Nordic countries, Belgium, Netherlands, and Luxembourg) Eastern Europe (Poland and Russia) Asia Pacific (China, India, Japan, ASEAN, Australia, and New Zealand) Middle East and Africa (GCC, Southern Africa, and North Africa) The report has been compiled through extensive primary research (through interviews, surveys, and observations of seasoned analysts) and secondary research (which entails reputable paid sources, trade journals, and industry body databases). The report also features a complete qualitative and quantitative assessment by analyzing data gathered from industry analysts and market participants across key points in the industry’s value chain. A separate analysis of prevailing trends in the parent market, macro- and micro-economic indicators, and regulations and mandates is included under the purview of the study. By doing so, the report projects the attractiveness of each major segment over the forecast period. Highlights of the report: A complete backdrop analysis, which includes an assessment of the parent market Important changes in market dynamics Market segmentation up to the second or third level Historical, current, and projected size of the market from the standpoint of both value and volume Reporting and evaluation of recent industry developments Market shares and strategies of key players Emerging niche segments and regional markets An objective assessment of the trajectory of the market Recommendations to companies for strengthening their foothold in the market
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