Life Saving Attributes of Positive Expiratory Pressure (PEP) Devices

Positive Expiratory Pressure (PEP) Devices
Positive Expiratory Pressure (PEP) Devices

Most of us have complained about breathing problems or we feel that something is choking our wind pipe and not allowing to breathe properly. This is the most common yet most serious issue that majority of the population is facing these days. To overcome these issues, a pioneering solution is positive expiratory pressure (PEP) device. This device allows the user to breathe against resistance. Owing to widespread use of the device, the global positive expiratory pressure (PEP) devices market is experiencing a robust growth in coming years.

The PEP works by increasing the pressure and transmitting it to airways. This as a result creates a back pressure and clears all the blockage during exhalation. It allows air to flow from various collateral airways and collateral ventilation allowing pressure to build up distal to the obstruction. Moreover, the PEP devices not only retains the airways from further collapsing but also prolongs the expiratory flow. The device is effective and easy to use making it the most preferable choice for blocked airways. This is thus accelerating the growth of global positive expiratory pressure devices market.

Various type of Positive Expiratory Pressure Devices in the Market

There are two types of PEP devices available in the market depending upon the pressure range. First is the low range PEP devices and secondly, high range PEP devices. The low range PEP devices ranges from 5 to 20 cm H2O at mid-expiration and on the other hand, high range devices ranges from 26 to 102 cm H2O achieved by maximal inspiration. It is followed by the performing forced expiratory process into the PEP mask.

Nevertheless, various other sources have described PEP under three categories depending upon the airway techniques that has been developed on the basis of expiratory resistance. They are EP, High Positive Expiratory Pressure (HiPEP), and Oscillatory Positive Expiratory Pressure (OscPEP).

Let’s have a detailed look at the all the three mentioned PEP devices;

1. PEP: It involves breathing against expiratory resistance to temporarily increased Functional Residual Capacity or FRC. Tidal Volume also accompanies the process with the help of clearance techniques such as Forced Expiratory Techniques or FET, huffing, and/or coughing.

2. HiPEP: Involves breathing against resistance by augmenting expiratory flow using FVC.

3. Oscillating PEP: This is an airway clearance technique in which the user blows air all the way out of the lungs many times through the PEP device. It is commonly known by the name of their brands for example Flutter, Acapella, Aerobika, and RC-Cornet. These devices functions in two ways.

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a. First they use resistance to make it more difficult during breathing or more precisely exhaling, similar to a non-oscillating PEP device.

b. Secondly, they create vibrations in the patient’s body when he/she breathes out. These vibrations move the mucus from the surface of the airways and clear them. Once the air is blown by the devices several time, the patient will huff and cough to clear the mucus from the lungs.

Owing to these benefits, the global positive expiratory pressure (PEP) devices market is expanding at a robust rate. According to various studies, the market is expected to grow at an astonishing compound annual growth rate and is expected to be multi-million dollar market in coming years.

Some of the major player of global positive expiratory pressure (PEP) devices market are Smiths Medical, Aptalis Pharma US Inc., Philips Respironics, Monaghan Medical, D R Burton Healthcare Products LLC, and Pari Respiratory Equipment, Inc.

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