The global population is growing at a considerable pace, which is increasing the need for personal hygiene products. High population growth and development of large high-density urban populations have increased the pressures on the environment, threatening food security and environmental sustainability. Super absorbers are water-insoluble, cross-linked polymers which absorb large amounts of aqueous liquids, especially body fluids such as urine or blood by swelling and the formation of hydrogels and of retaining them under pressure.
Super absorbers are produced through radical polymerization of acid-group-bearing, partially neutralized monomers in the presence of crosslinking agents. Super absorber polymers are extensively used in sanitary articles, such as baby diapers, incontinence products, and sanitary napkins due to their characteristic properties. Increase in environmental awareness has encouraged manufacturers to develop sustainable and bio-based superabsorbent materials.
Production of green products is a major trend in the biodegradable superabsorbent materials market. Manufacturers of biodegradable superabsorbent materials are increasing their focus on developing products that have less detrimental impact on the environment. High cost of equipment, difficultly in maintenance, and the commonly used high-power possess a threat to the biodegradable superabsorbent materials market. Upgrade and construction of a biodegradable superabsorbent material manufacturing plant is capital intensive. This is likely to restrain the market. New and environment friendly technologies are emerging in order to save production cost of biodegradable superabsorbent materials. Companies are focusing on developing new and innovative biodegradable superabsorbent materials to aid in retaining water for agricultural applications.